Fertility Treatment Options:

Exploring the Doctor’s Office

Click around the office for an overview of different fertility treatments. Consult with your doctor before determining which option is best for you.

Artificial Insemination

During intrauterine insemination (IUI), your partner’s or donor’s sperm is deposited directly into the uterus using a thin catheter.

Timeline

6 cycles*
*Pregnancy typically occurs within 6 cycles

Success Rate

Depends on age, but usually 10%–20% chance of conception per cycle. That can increase to 60%–70% with 6 cycles.

Cost

Averages $865 per cycle.

What to Know

Your doctor may recommend fertility drugs in addition to the procedure.

IUI can increase your chances of multiple births.

Fertility Drugs

Pills or injections that release reproductive hormones and induce ovulation.

Timeline

3–6 months*
*Typically 3–6 months until conception or another treatment is considered

Success Rate

About 40%–50% of women who ovulate will get pregnant, usually within three cycles.

Cost

Pills can cost $10–$100 per month; injections can cost up to $6,000 per month.

What to Know

Fertility drugs can increase your chances of multiple births.

Avoid if you have damaged fallopian tubes or endometriosis.

Egg Donation

Uses in vitro fertilization (IVF): Eggs are extracted from a donor — usually age 21–30 — and fertilized by the recipient’s partner’s, or donor, sperm in a lab. The embryos are then implanted in the recipient’s, or surrogate’s uterus.

Timeline

4–6 weeks*
*Time to complete one IVF cycle

Success Rate

Under 35
35-37
38-40
41-42
43-44

Cost

Averages $12,000–30,000 per cycle.

What to Know

Enables older women and those with genetic or ovarian issues to become pregnant.

Allows for extensive screening of donors and selection of characteristics such as ethnicity, education, and physical attributes.

Surrogacy

A surrogate becomes pregnant through IVF (using the intended parent’s embryo) or artificial insemination (using the father’s sperm, or donor sperm) and carries the baby to term.

Timeline

1.5 years*
*Including the matching process, IVF, and pregnancy

Success Rate

Extremely high success rate, with healthy egg, sperm, and surrogate.

Cost

Averages $130,000–200,000

What to Know

Enables gay couples, single men and women who are unable to safely carry a pregnancy to become parents.

Allows for extensive screening of surrogates to ensure a good match.

Surgery

Treatment to clear blocked fallopian tubes, remove endometriosis tissue, treat PCOS, and fix other anatomical abnormalities.

Timeline

8–12 Months*
*Depends on the surgery, but pregnancy typically occurs 8–12 months following

Success Rate

Chances of pregnancy improve by about 40% following laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis.

21–59% of women who undergo fallopian tube surgery do conceive.

Cost

$2,000–$10,000; varies depending on the surgery.

What to Know

Typical risk factors associated with surgery do apply.

Your doctor may recommend other forms of fertility treatment in addition to surgery.

Intrafallopian Transfers

Two types: Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT). Multiple eggs are collected from the ovaries and mixed with sperm.

During GIFT, the egg and sperm are placed in the fallopian tubes to allow fertilization to occur naturally.

During ZIFT, fertilization occurs in a lab and the zygotes (fertilized eggs) are inserted in the fallopian tubes rather than the uterus, which is the main difference between ZIFT and IVF.

Timeline

4–6 Weeks*
*Time to complete one cycle

Success Rate

Varies with age, but chances of delivering a baby are about 22%.

Cost

$15,000–$25,000 for each cycle.

What to Know

Considered a more invasive treatment than IVF because a laparoscope is used.

GIFT does not allow immediate verification that fertilization was successful.

image description Artificial Insemination Fertility Drugs Egg Donation Surrogacy Surgery Intrafallopian Transfers
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