Growing Generations

Explaining Safe Drugs During Pregnancy

No one likes to be sick. When your surrogate comes down with a cold while she’s pregnant, however, it can cause a handful of emotions for you, too. You’re worried about what medication she’ll need to recover, how they’ll impact the baby, and of course, you want her to feel healthy and happy again as soon as possible. A quick visit to Dr. Google can be even scarier once you realize that medication grading is not straightforward. Here’s a look at how the FDA classifies different drugs during pregnancy.

Since 1979, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has classified medications into five main categories for pregnant women. The FDA lumps most drugs into a class A, B, C, D or X category. Categories are meant to explain potential risks of a drug as opposed to issuing a blanket “yes” or “no” as to whether or not it should be taken during pregnancy.

The headings are:

The FDA expanded the lettering system in 2015, with a goal of eventually removing the lettering system altogether. This explains why some newer medications may not carry a letter designation. Eventually, the FDA will phase out the lettering system and replace it with these titles:

The new plan will focus on a narrative as opposed to a generic letter grade. The pregnancy and lactation headings will include information on dosing and potential risks if taken during these phases of life. The female and male reproductive potential category will talk about potential implications on the reproductive health of a certain drug.

We advise all of our surrogates to check with their OB about any drugs, including both over the counter medications and prescriptions, before taking them. It’s important that you remember that surrogates in our program were chosen for their maturity and solid decision-making abilities. Trust that she won’t put herself or your baby in danger. But, of course, if you have any concerns you can feel free to reach out to your case manager.